International Journal of Research and Review

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Original Research Article

Year: 2018 | Month: June | Volume: 5 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 191-194

A  Clinico-Pathological Study of Ovarian Tumors

Deepesh Kumari Agarwal1, Anil Gupta2

1Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dungarpur Medical College & Hospital, Dungarpur, Rajasthan
2Assistant Professor, Department of General Surgery, Dungarpur Medical College & Hospital, Dungarpur, Rajasthan

Corresponding Author:  Dr.Anil Gupta


Introduction: Ovarian tumors are a group of neoplasms affecting the ovary and have a diverse spectrum of features according to the particular tumor entity. They include benign, borderline and malignant subtypes. Ovarian tumors are generally difficult to detect until they are very advanced in stage or size. The aim of present study is to determine the frequency of ovarian tumors and its distribution according to cell of origin and age group.
Materials and Methods: This study was done retrospectively in the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Pacific Institute of Medical Sciences, Udaipur, Rajasthan. Total 80 patients were included in the study during the period of 1 year from May 2017 to May 2018. The patients who underwent surgery for ovariotomy alone or along with hysterectomy were included in the study Data regarding age, clinical symptoms, per-operative findings and histopathology were collected and statistically studied.
Results: Total 80 cases of ovarian tumors were studied over a period from May 2017 to May 2018. Of the 80 cases, 68 were benign, 3 were borderline and 9 cases were malignant. The age ranges from 18-80 years. Maximum number of ovarian neoplasm were reported at reproductive age groups (31-40). Most common presenting complaint was abdominal mass (40%) followed by abdominal pain (32.5%). The commonest histological patterns observed in the study were epithelial tumors (73.75%) including both benign and malignant epithelial tumors followed by germ cell tumor (22.5%).
Serous cyst adenoma was the commonest tumor in benign category (57.5%) while mucinous cystadenocarcinoma was commonest malignant tumor (5%) in present study.
Conclusion: The major limitation of this study includes the small sample size and short study period. However, a tentative conclusion can be drawn from the present study that Ovarian tumors comprise one of the major neoplasms in female detected in this institution. Differentiation of a benign tumor from a malignant one is important for determining management and prognosis; hence further similar studies are warranted.

Key words: ovarian tumors, germ cell, borderline, teratoma, serous, mucinous

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